Il Paese

It is in an extraordinary place where lake, mountain and sky blend themselves in a dreamy landscape. Tignale is located on the Altogardesano plateau with is hamlets:

  • Gardola
  • Olzano
  • Aer
  • Oldesio
  • Probione
  • Piovere

The whole village overlook the Lake Garda. The characteristic terracing on which the olive trees grow represents a distinctive trait of this landscape.

They occupy the majority of the mountains until arriving to the lake; here, at the port "Pra de la Fam", another "jewel" wait for the visitors: a lemon-house of the 17.Century, one of the last lemon-houses in function.

In the hinterland, paths and mule tracks offer a beautifull view to the trekking and mountain-bike lovers. The little hamlets that built the village of Tignale supervise historic elements, within some buildings and artworks of the medieval age.

 

Il Santuario Montecastello Stands on a cliff overhanging the lake.

Recently restored, Montecastello is one of the most frequented places, especially for the stunning position, for its architectural beauty and artistic for the historical events and religious - that was the protagonist.

At the end of the sixteenth century, they were built the campanile and the Presbytery; other works including the addition of the current church with three naves were performed in the XVII century. Built on the ruins of an ancient castle, the building is constituted by a lower church the roman-gothic and by an upper church baroque that preserves, behind the altar, the Casa Santa (surplus of a temple, which dates back to 802).

The altar, work of Boscaì (Brescian artists), with columns of gilded wood and figures of S. Peter and Saint Paul, on the back, beyond a glass, is visible the miraculous image of the Madonna, attributed to the school of Giotto. The four medallions that surround, paintings on copper are of Palma il Giovane.

The Shrine is open from 24/03/13 to the end of October, from 9:00 a.m. to 18:00. A bar offers a service of small restaurant with an outdoor terrace.

The church of San Pietro of Gardola rises to ca. 200 m from the town that in the most detected corresponds to a natural hillock of elliptical shape, it still preserves the toponymal of the "castle", even if after several studies and due care, we can speak of an origin much more ancient, pre-Roman or late Roman.

The first excavations of the Seventies and in 1985-86 only an altar could suggest, if it had been studied, a step more ancient than at present.

During the First World War, it was demolished the front side to use it as a shelter for the trucks and Fifties the building was transformed into a theater and the altar was transferred in the oratory of Olzano where it still is.

Later during the excavation of a trench to accommodate the prompter's box, was intercepted a well in masonry, where inside was found a reliquary in calcareous stone.

According to a widespread typology from the IV century, the reliquary has the shape of a sarcophagus and is decorated with crosses within a simple frame with a curved section.

In the years 1985-86, the trench was enlarged by highlighting a large semicircular apse with inside other structures, which at the time were not interpreted.

In 2002, with the excavation open yet from those years, it has been possible to detect and analyze the archaeological deposit, recognizing a sequence, confirmed in intensive excavation of 2003.

It comprises, as regards the place of worship, at least eight construction phases: 1 - a first church with only one nave, 2- the insertion of the choir of a rectangular fence with the well for relics. 3- the reconstruction of the choir in the Romanesque period, 4- the realization, in late medieval epoch, conceivably in the XVI century by the numerous comparisons in churches Lake Garda, of an arc cross in the middle of the nave, of which remain the two pillars of the Foundation. 5- Further renewal of the apsidal area in the course of the XVI century, 6- the opening of a chapel in the southern side around the half of the XVII century, 7- reconstruction of the facade immediately after the First World War. 8- The transformation into Theater.

Pra de la Fam” is located along the steep coast exactly under Tignale.

There are many explanations for this name, but the most plausible is that of the sailors who sailed from Salò to Riva for the Saturday market.

For the multiple currents often were forced to land on this strip of land for one or two days and in the absence of the food had to climb to the country through a path fraught and tortuous, still viable and with breathtaking views, which comes out in the olive grove of Oldesio.

In 1754 the family Parisini was in possession of the "Pra de la Fam" where built in years two "Giardini dei limoni”

After the half of the 800 while again finding outlets on the local market the two limonaie, with the construction of the road Gargnano - Riva, were completely abandoned. Only in 1984, the Community Montana in agreement with the owners initiated the recovery of part of these fantastic constructions. Today there are all the typical elements of the Gardens of the lemons of Garda.

The plants in production are about a hundred, and may flourish when the whole area is invaded by their scent.

Always may collect lemons in flower in the previous year, then up to October every month a new flowering and a new collection.

These lemons today are data in charity, a time were sold mainly in Austria and Germany and were of excellent quality. Given the abundant production, the whole economy of Riviera benefited.

Who is in this part of the lake where there are the remains of those "gardens" which so impressed the poet Goethe already two centuries ago, can’t t fail to visit this wonderful Limonaia.

On a territory of about fifty hectares are ca. 14thousand olive trees in Tignale.

Are machined yet with patience and tenacity as many years ago and at times with the same effort for the position of the impervious ground, then pruning, plowing, irrigation and the collection is still done by hand. The olives are harvested in November and December with a ladder call "scalì"resting and linked to the branches, the olives parades from the branches with the hands end up in a basket bound in life, "grumial", those removed with pliers end up in networks previously placed on the ground. The crop is then placed in cassettes and fenestrated and airy and finally brought to the crusher.

In 1766 worked seven presses in Tignale, but most of the olives was transported in Gargnano, where there was also the possibility to sell the oil, whose production was ca. 90 quintals. The way we cultivate was considered withdrawn because the poor manuring, pruning every three years and the variety of olive trees little suitable for a constant production.

On the initiative of the cooperative dairy Turnaria also Tignale today has its oil mill. The plant was put into operation in 1998, is a continuous cycle, and with the centrifuge separates the sansa from the liquid then island of the vegetation water oil; after decanting it proceeds to the decanting and filtration.

The oil produced in Tignale is Biological extra virgin olive oil of the highest quality

Guided tours at the oil mill every Thursday at 17.00 hours. To purchase the products, the oil mill is open on Tuesday from h. 10 to 12 and the Saturday from h. 17:00  at 18:30.

 

 

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